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चार्ल्स-मिशेल ३०६ वें जन्मदिन

आज का डूडल एक फ्रांसीसी शिक्षक एबे चार्ल्स-मिशेल डी एल एपी का सम्मान करता है, जिन्होंने बधिरों के लिए पहले सार्वजनिक विद्यालय की स्थापना की थी। गलत धारणा को खारिज करते हुए कि विकलांग श्रवण वाले लोग सीखने में असमर्थ थे, एपी ने एक दृश्य विधि विकसित की जो बधिरों के शिक्षण के लिए ब्लूप्रिंट बन गई और उस समय अनगिनत जीवन बदल गया जब कई बहरे लोगों के खिलाफ भेदभाव किया गया।

उन्होंने लिखा, “हमारे पास भेजे गए हर बहरे-म्यूट में पहले से ही एक भाषा है।” “वह इसका उपयोग करने की आदत में पूरी तरह से है, और जो दूसरों को करता है उन्हें समझता है। इसके साथ ही वह अपनी जरूरतों, इच्छाओं, संदेहों, पीड़ाओं, और इसी तरह से व्यक्त करता है, और जब कोई अन्य स्वयं को व्यक्त करता है तो कोई गलती नहीं होती है।”

1712 में इस दिन वर्साइल्स में पैदा हुए, एपी एक वास्तुकार का पुत्र था जिसने गरीबों की सेवा करने के लिए अपनी ज़िंदगी समर्पित करने से पहले धर्मशास्त्र और कानून का अध्ययन किया था। उन्होंने दो बधिर बहनों को पढ़ना शुरू किया जो पेरिस की झोपड़ियों में रहते थे और जिन्होंने अपनी खुद की भाषा के माध्यम से संवाद किया था। 1760 में, उन्होंने इंस्टीट्यूशन नेशनेल डेस सॉर्ड्स-मुएस्स पेरिस, जो बधिरों के लिए एक स्कूल था, जो उनकी भुगतान करने की क्षमता के बावजूद सभी के लिए खुला था, को खोजने के लिए अपनी विरासत का उपयोग किया।

अंततः फ्रांसीसी नेशनल असेंबली ने उन्हें “मानवता के लाभकारी” के रूप में मान्यता दी और फ्रांस और मनुष्यों के अधिकारों के फ्रांस की घोषणा के तहत बधिर लोगों के अधिकारों का दावा किया। उनका स्कूल सरकारी वित्त पोषण प्राप्त करने के लिए चला गया और इस दिन के लिए खुला रहता है जिसका नाम बदलकर इंस्टिट्यूट नेशनल डी जेयंस सॉर्ड्स डी पेरिस रखा गया।

जन्मदिन मुबारक हो, चार्ल्स-मिशेल डी एल एपी!



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