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Edith Cavell 153rd Birthday 2018 | एडिथ कैवेल

Edith Cavell 153rd Birthday – 4 December 2018

आज का डूडल हिंदी एक ब्रिटिश नर्स एडिथ कैवेल मनाता है, जिन्होंने प्रथम विश्व युद्ध के दौरान सैकड़ों ब्रिटिश और फ्रेंच सैनिकों को कब्जे वाले बेल्जियम से भागने में मदद करने के लिए अपना जीवन खतरे में डाल दिया।
इस दिन 1865 में, कैवेल का जन्म नॉर्विच के पास एक गांव, स्वर्डेंटन में हुआ था। गंभीर बीमारी के दौरान अपने वृद्ध पिता की देखभाल करने से उन्हें 30 साल की उम्र में नर्स बनने के लिए प्रेरित किया गया, और उन्होंने व्हाईटचैपल के रॉयल लंदन अस्पताल में फ्लोरेंस नाइटिंगेल के मित्र मैट्रॉन ईवा लुकेस के साथ अपना प्रशिक्षण शुरू किया। वह ब्रसेल्स में नर्सों के लिए एक नया प्रशिक्षण अस्पताल का नेतृत्व करने के लिए आमंत्रित होने से पहले शोरिच, किंग्स क्रॉस और मैनचेस्टर के अस्पतालों में काम करने गईं। बेल्जियम में आधुनिक नर्सिंग के अग्रणी माना जाता है, उन्होंने 1910 में चिकित्सा पत्रिका एल इन्फर्मिएयर की स्थापना की।

जब युद्ध टूट गया तो परिवार का दौरा करना, वह सीधे ब्रुसेल्स लौट आई, जहां वह अपनी राष्ट्रीयता के बावजूद युद्ध के सभी हताहतों का इलाज करेगी। “मैं बचने के लिए जीवन जीने के दौरान रोक नहीं सकता,” उसने कहा।

एक नर्स के रूप में उनके काम के अलावा, कैवेल एक भूमिगत समूह के साथ शामिल हो गए जो फ्रांसीसी और ब्रिटिश सैनिकों को आश्रय दे रहा था और उन्हें कब्जे वाले बेल्जियम से भागने में मदद करता था। अगस्त 1915 में, कुछ 200 पुरुषों की मदद करने के बाद, कैवेल को गिरफ्तार कर लिया गया और राजद्रोह का आरोप लगाया गया। उन्होंने सैन्य अदालत में कबूल किया और दया के लिए व्यापक अपील के बावजूद, 12 अक्टूबर, 1915 को निष्पादित किया गया।

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1917 में, नेशनल्स फॉर फॉर नर्स को उनके सम्मान में उन लोगों की सहायता के लिए धन जुटाने के लिए लॉन्च किया गया था, जिन्होंने “खुद के खर्च पर दूसरों के स्वास्थ्य की मांग की थी।” फंड को बाद में कैवेल नर्स ट्रस्ट का नाम दिया गया।

यहां एडिथ कैवेल का है, जिसकी वीरता और करुणा की विरासत जारी है। (Edith Cavell)


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