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Lope de Vega’s 456th Birthday | लोप डी वेगा

Lope de Vega’s 456th Birthday – लोप डी वेगा – 25 नवंबर 2018

1562 में मैड्रिड में पैदा हुए, शानदार नाटककार लोप डी वेगा की प्रतिभा को देखा गया, जबकि वह एविला के बिशप के छात्र थे, जिन्होंने कोशिश की लेकिन आखिरकार उन्हें पुजारी में शामिल होने के लिए मनाने में नाकाम रहे। एक रोमांस ने वेगा को इस धार्मिक मार्ग को त्यागने के लिए प्रेरित किया, और मैड्रिड में एक लेखक के रूप में करियर की स्थापना करते हुए उन्होंने खुद को पौराणिक रीडिंग के साथ शिक्षित करना जारी रखा।

डी वेगा का प्यार जीवन, जो अक्सर अपने नाटकों और कविता को प्रेरित करता था, को तीव्र जुनून से परिभाषित किया गया था और भयंकर अप और डाउन के साथ चिह्नित किया गया था – जिसमें उसे निर्वासन में उतरा था। इस समय के दौरान, उन्होंने वैलेंसिया में अपने शिल्प को और सम्मानित करने और एक प्रतिभाशाली नाटककार और कवि के रूप में प्रतिष्ठा स्थापित करने पर ध्यान केंद्रित करने में कई सालों बिताए। ड्यूक, रोमांस और विवाह की सेवा, और कुछ हद तक दिल की मौत की मौत ने अपने सबसे उत्पादक अवधि के दौरान नाटककार के जीवन के बड़े हिस्से को दर्शाया। आज, लगभग 3,000 सोननेट, 3 उपन्यास, 4 उपन्यास, 9 महाकाव्य कविताओं, और 500 नाटकों उन्हें जिम्मेदार ठहराते हैं।

उनके चारों ओर अराजकता के बावजूद, वे वेगा एक शानदार और महत्वपूर्ण लेखक बने रहे, जो मुख्य रूप से स्पेनिश रंगमंच और कविता की कला और दिशा को प्रभावित करते थे। आज, हम उनके 456 वें जन्मदिन पर फेनिक्स डी लॉस इंजेनिओस (स्पैनिश विट्स के फीनिक्स) के विशाल योगदान का जश्न मनाते हैं।

लोप डी वेगा को सबसे महान स्पेनिश लेखकों में से एक माना जाता है जो कि कभी भी रहता है, केवल सर्वेंटिस द्वारा उठाया जाता है। वह एक शानदार कवि, उपन्यासकार और नाटककार थे, जो कई हज़ार कामों का उत्पादन करते थे, और 17 वीं शताब्दी के स्पैनिश थिएटर में क्रांतिकारी बदलाव के लिए विशेष रूप से प्रसिद्ध हैं, जो इसे पहले की अवधि में शैली को नियंत्रित करने वाले सख्त नियमों से दूर खींच रहे थे।

लोप डी वेगा की जीवनी

1562 में मैड्रिड में एक प्रतिष्ठित परिवार के लिए पैदा हुआ, हालांकि उसने एक छोटी उम्र से वादा किया। उन्हें उन्नत क्षमताओं के लिए पांच के रूप में युवा के रूप में देखा गया था, जैसे स्पेनिश और लैटिन दोनों पढ़ने और बोलने में सक्षम होना। 10 साल की उम्र में वह लैटिन कविता का अनुवाद कर रहे थे और 12 साल की उम्र में उन्होंने अपना पहला नाटकीय काम लिखा था। जब लोप डी वेगा 14 वर्ष का था, तो वह कोलेगियो इंपीरियल में नामांकित हुआ, जहां उसकी प्रतिभा एक पुजारी ने देखी थी, जिसने महसूस किया कि युवा व्यक्ति की प्रतिभा अल्काला विश्वविद्यालय में दाखिला लेने के लिए पर्याप्त थी। वहां, वह लगभग पुजारी बन गया, लेकिन उस ब्रह्मचर्य पर इतना उत्सुक नहीं था जो इसके साथ चला गया।

learn moreAnton Martin Slomšek 218 Birthday

उनके प्रेम संबंध एलेना ओसोरियो के साथ शुरू हुआ, हालांकि उनके रिश्ते में थोड़ी देर बाद उसने सूट बदल दी और उसके ऊपर एक और आदमी चुना। जाहिर है, यह लोप के लिए काफी दर्दनाक था और उसे अपने परिवार पर उनके हमलों के कारण आठ साल तक निर्वासित कर दिया गया था। इस समय के दौरान उन्होंने स्पेनिश नौसेना के साथ कर्तव्य के दौरे के लिए साइन अप किया और शादी कर ली, जो किसी की किताबों में काफी उत्पादक है! जिस जहाज को वह सौंपा गया था वह स्पैनिश आर्मडा में सेवा के लिए बाध्य था, और लोप डी वेगा बेहद भाग्यशाली था और उसका जहाज उन कुछ लोगों में से एक था जो स्पेनिश के लिए उस विनाशकारी भागने से लौट आए थे। उसके बाद उन्होंने वैलेंसिया में कुछ साल बिताए, एक बार फिर से अपने साहित्यिक करियर की शुरुआत की। एक बार जब उसकी निर्वासन खत्म हो गई तो वह सीधे टोलेडो की ओर बढ़ गया, क्योंकि उसे ड्यूक ऑफ अल्बा के सचिव के रूप में नौकरी की पेशकश की गई थी। इस अवधि के दौरान उन्होंने कई सोननेट लिखे; वह 1600 के दशक में अपने कुछ बेहतरीन कामों को कलम करने के लिए चला गया।

अपने सांप के वर्षों में, उनके काम ने एक और अधिक धार्मिक स्वर लिया, और 1614 में वह एक पुजारी बन गया। हालांकि, महिलाओं के लिए उनकी इच्छा अभी भी कम हो गई है और ऐसा माना जाता है कि उन्हें खुश रखने और ड्यूक के सचिव के रूप में काम करने के लिए कई लड़कियों के साथ प्रदान किया गया था। तब लोप डी वेगा के जीवन में मुख्य रूप से कई बेटियां हुईं, मुख्य रूप से उनके बेटे लोप की मौत, और उनकी बेटी एंटोनिया का अपहरण। लोप डी वेगा बिस्तर से बंधे और स्कारलेट बुखार से 1635 में उनकी मृत्यु हो गई।



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