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Who is Maria Walanda Maramis? | Doodle Celebrate 146th Birthday

Maria Walanda Maramis 146th Birthday – 1 December 2018

आज के डूडल हिंदी ने इंडोनेशिया के एक राष्ट्रीय हीरो मारिया वालंदा मारमिस का सम्मान किया, जिन्होंने 20 वीं शताब्दी की शुरुआत में अपने देश में महिलाओं की प्रगति के लिए अथक रूप से लड़ा।

1872 में इस दिन उत्तरी मिनहासा रीजेंसी के एक छोटे से गांव में पैदा हुए, मारमिस तीन बच्चों में से सबसे कम उम्र के थे। कम उम्र में अनाथ, वह अपने भाई बहनों के साथ एक चाचा द्वारा उठाया गया था। मारमिस और उनकी बहन को उनके लिंग के कारण केवल मूल स्कूली शिक्षा की पेशकश की गई थी। उत्तर सुलावेसी प्रांत की राजधानी मनाडो में जाने के बाद, उन्होंने एक स्थानीय समाचार पत्र, तजाहाजा सियांग में एक ओप-एड कॉलम लिखना शुरू किया। उनके लेखों ने माताओं के महत्व को अपने परिवार की कल्याण, स्वास्थ्य देखभाल और शिक्षा के देखभाल करने वालों के रूप में जोर दिया।

इन सिद्धांतों के आधार पर, उन्होंने “पर्किंटान इबू केपदा अनाक तुरुण्य्या” के लिए एक इंडोनेशियाई संक्षिप्त शब्द पीआईकेएटी की स्थापना की, जिसका अनुवाद “उसके बच्चों के लिए एक मां का प्यार” के रूप में किया जाता है। पिटक सदस्यों ने खाना पकाने और सिलाई और देखभाल के लिए आवश्यक घरेलू कौशल सीख लिया उनके बच्चों के स्वास्थ्य। संगठन जावा तक दूर तक विस्तारित हुआ जहां स्थानीय महिलाओं ने अपनी शाखाएं आयोजित कीं।

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राजनीति पर अपना ध्यान बदलते हुए, मारमिस ने अपने प्रतिनिधियों को चुनने में वोट देने के महिलाओं के अधिकार के लिए लड़ा। 1 9 21 में जब सरकार ने महिलाओं को चुनाव में भाग लेने की अनुमति दी तो उनके प्रयासों का भुगतान किया गया। पिकाकत का काम चल रहा था, मारमिस की बेटी अन्ना माटुली वालंदा की सहायता से। 1969 में, इंडोनेशियाई महिलाओं की ओर से उनकी उपलब्धियों की सराहना करते हुए, सरकार ने मारमिस को राष्ट्रीय नायक का आदेश दिया। महिलाओं के मुक्ति के प्रति उनका काम उनके जन्मदिन पर मनाया जाता है और कोमो लुआर गांव में उनके सम्मान में एक मूर्ति खड़ी होती है।

जन्मदिन मुबारक हो, मारिया वालंडा मरमिस (Maria Walanda Maramis) !



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